A lung transplant is an operation to remove and replace a diseased lung with a healthy human lung from a donor.
A lung transplant is an effective treatment for disease that has destroyed most of the lungs’ function. For people with severe lung disease, a transplant can bring back easier breathing and provide years of life. However, lung transplant surgery has major risks and complications are common. The lungs help in providing your body with that vital oxygen while also removing carbon dioxide before it reaches a dangerous level. There are some diseases or conditions that can damage the lungs. This may adversely affect their ability of the lungs to function effectively. Some of the diseases of lung are Cystic fibrosis, Bronchiectasis, Emphysema or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Pulmonary Hypertension, Sarcoidosis etc. etc.
A Lung disease can often be treated with medication or with special breathing devices. In some cases these options may not be fruitful and the reduced functioning of lungs may become life-threatening over a period of time. In such a condition your doctor might suggest a lung transplant surgery. A lung transplant is usually the last-resort treatment for lung failure. In a lung transplant surgery, the diseased or failing lung form your body is replaced with a healthy lung from a donor. Depending upon your medical condition, a lung transplant surgery may involve replacing one of the lungs or both of them. Single Lung Transplantation and Double Lung Transplantation are done at our network transplant centres in India.
Types Of Lung Transplant
There are three main types of lung transplant:
A Single Lung Transplant: Where a single damaged lung is removed from the recipient and replaced with a lung from the donor; this is often used to treat pulmonary fibrosis but is not suitable for people with cystic fibrosis as infection will spread from the remaining lung to the donated lung.
A Double Lung Transplant: where both lungs are removed and replaced with two donated lungs; this is usually the treatment of choice for people with cystic fibrosis or COPD.
A Heart-lung Transplant: Where the set of lungs and the heart is removed and replaced with donated heart and lungs; this is often recommended for people with severe pulmonary hypertension.
Who May Need a Lung Transplant?
Most people with severe, end-stage lung disease can be considered for a lung transplant. The procedure should be considered when someone seems likely to die without the surgery and no other options are available. A lung transplant can also be considered in people whose lung disease is so severe that they can no longer enjoy life.
The most common lung diseases for which people undergo lung transplant are:
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (emphysema and chronic bronchitis)
- Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
- Cystic fibrosis
- Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension
Global Hospital, Chennai. Contact: Mr Netaji (+91-9003098851) Surgeon: Dr. Govini Balasubramani
Yashoda Hospital, Secunderabad. Contact: +91-40-27713333 Surgeon: Dr. AGK Gokhale
Apollo Hospital, Chennai. Contact: +91-44-26537777 Surgeon: Dr. Madhu Sankar
If there are any other centers that you know of, please respond in the comments and I will add them to this post. We were told that the cost of the lung transplant would be approximately Rs. 20 lakhs ($45,000). This will include hospitalization post operation and rehabilitation for another 2-3 months.